Public relations professionals present the face of an organization or individual, usually to articulate its objectives and official views on issues of relevance, primarily to the media. Public relations contributes to the way an organization is perceived by influencing the media and maintaining relationships with stakeholders. According to Dr. Jacquie L’Etang from Queen Margaret University, public relations professionals can be viewed as “discourse workers specializing in communication and the presentation of argument and employing rhetorical strategies to achieve managerial aims.”
Specific public relations disciplines include:
- Financial public relations – communicating financial results and business strategy
- Consumer/lifestyle public relations – gaining publicity for a particular product or service
- Crisis communication – responding in a crisis
- Internal communications – communicating within the company itself
- Government relations – engaging government departments to influence public policy
- Media relations – a public relations function that involves building and maintaining close relationships with the news media so that they can sell and promote a business.
- Celebrity public relations− promotion of a celebrity to various media publications and outlets
- In-house public relations — maintaining communication between entertainment networks/production companies and the media
- Food-centric relations – communicating specific information centered on foods, beverages and wine.